What is a SharePoint Farm and Questions about Topologies

What is a SharePoint Farm and Questions about Topologies

In almost all the SharePoint administrator trainings I do I am used to these questions after the slide about Farms and Topologies.  What is Server Farm and Topology, What is SSP and its components, Why SSPs and Why Shared Services,  What about other services.  Until I read this article by Martin Kearn. 

What is a Farm?

A place where lots of animals are kept and things are grown! J In the context of SharePoint, the term ‘farm’ is used to describe a collection of one or more SharePoint servers and one or more SQL servers that come together to provide a set of basic SharePoint services bound together by a single Configuration Database in SQL.

Farms can range in size from having everything (all SharePoint roles and SQL server) on one machine to scaling out every individual SharePoint serve role onto dedicated sets of servers. A farm the highest administrative boundary for SharePoint and everything that happens inside SharePoint happens in a farm.

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